The United States Tennis Association (USTA – The United States Tennis Assosiation) is the largest national tennis federation in the world. With an annual income of over $ 300 million and an impressive history of over 135 years, it belongs to the world’s most important sports associations.
The beginnings of the association date back to 1881. The U.S. National Lawn Tennis Association was established at that time. The note “on the grass” should not come as a surprise, because the tradition of practicing this sport was brought straight from Great Britain by the retired major Walter Clopton Wingfield, who in 1874 published a book describing the rules of the game. The association’s goal was to promote tennis and standardize identical rules and regulations throughout the country.
The first clubs were established in the northeast of the United States and attracted a small number of enthusiasts, then still men. Over time, the game began to gain popularity in subsequent regions.
As is usually the case in male groups, the spirit of competition was born very quickly. Already in the first year of the association’s activity, the men’s tournament (U.S. National Singles Championship) was organized, the precursor of today’s US Open. Six years later, in 1887, the ladies joined the rivalry, playing separately at Cricket Club facilities in Philadelphia.
Along with the changing social environment, changes also took place in the American tennis association. In 1950, the first person with African-American roots, 23-year-old Althea Gibson, who later became a five-time Grand Slam winner was admitted to the Grand Slam New York. In 1962, the first woman, Marion Wood Huey, was elected to the association’s executive committee, and in 1989, the first woman, Barbara Williams, went to the board of directors of the organization. 1993 brings strict prohibition on discrimination in tournaments and relationships. In the same year, the first African American, Dwight Mosley, is elected to the Board of Directors. And finally in 1999 the first woman, Judy Levering, heads the whole organization, and in 2015 the choice falls on the first African-American woman – Katrina Adams.
Along the way, the name of the relationship has evolved as well. In 1920, “N” (National) falls, and in 1975 – with the change of grass surface for US Open to ground – “L” (Lawn) disappears. This is how the current name is established: USTA – The United States Tennis Assosiation.
The mission and activity of the organization, values
The main task of USTA is to promote, develop and support professional and amateur tennis, dissemination of rules and principles of behavior on the court, including respect and tolerance. The current set of rules and regulations called Friend at Court has almost 230 pages!
Among the primary values of the relationship is the prevention of child abuse and abuse, inappropriate sexual behavior, and cases of violence and emotional and psychological abuse. As part of Safe Play policy, you are encouraged to report any alarming phenomena and behavior. This is accompanied by a special instruction with a guide for parents on the USTA website.
Among the values associated with tennis, USTA highlights health and social benefits.
Numerous programs and subsidies are targeted at young tennis students and adult amateurs. They include help in organizing tournaments, maintaining facilities, promote the game among the youngest together with their families and among students of schools of various grades. Separate programs are targeted at wheelchair tennis players.
USTA National Campus
The largest investment through which USTA intends to accomplish its mission was the launch of the USTA National Campus in Orlando at the cost of over USD 60 million. 100 tennis courts with a full training base are available to tennis players. The center offers 25 different development programs
Professional tennis development support – the USTA Pro Circuit
A huge role is played by searching and supporting young players who are to represent the United States in the national team and in individual competitions in the future.
The USTA Pro Circuit, the largest development program for emerging tennis players in the world, founded in 1979, serves this purpose. It includes the organization of over 100 ITF tournaments of various ranks, offering a total of almost $ 3 million in cash prizes and the chance to gain invaluable points included in the professional rankings of men (ATP) and female (WTA).
The effects are visible to the naked eye. Just mention the 21-year-old Sofia Kenin, who won this year’s Grand Slam Australian Open.
Care of representation
The USTA’s important and prestigious task is to look after the United States National Team in tennis. This is accompanied by huge successes.
The United States is a leader in the number of Olympic medals won since the discipline was restored to the 1988 Olympics. In sum